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The transcriptome of Candida albicans mitochondria and the evolution of organellar transcription units in yeasts.

Kolondra, Adam and Labedzka-Dmoch, Karolina and Wenda, Joanna M and Drzewicka, Katarzyna and Golik, Paweł (2015) The transcriptome of Candida albicans mitochondria and the evolution of organellar transcription units in yeasts. BMC genomics, 16 (1). p. 827. ISSN 1471-2164

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00439-...


BACKGROUND Yeasts show remarkable variation in the organization of their mitochondrial genomes, yet there is little experimental data on organellar gene expression outside few model species. Candida albicans is interesting as a human pathogen, and as a representative of a clade that is distant from the model yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Unlike them, it encodes seven Complex I subunits in its mtDNA. No experimental data regarding organellar expression were available prior to this study. METHODS We used high-throughput RNA sequencing and traditional RNA biology techniques to study the mitochondrial transcriptome of C. albicans strains BWP17 and SN148. RESULTS The 14 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA genes, and 24 tRNA genes are expressed as eight primary polycistronic transcription units. We also found transcriptional activity in the noncoding regions, and antisense transcripts that could be a part of a regulatory mechanism. The promoter sequence is a variant of the nonanucleotide identified in other yeast mtDNAs, but some of the active promoters show significant departures from the consensus. The primary transcripts are processed by a tRNA punctuation mechanism into the monocistronic and bicistronic mature RNAs. The steady state levels of various mature transcripts exhibit large differences that are a result of posttranscriptional regulation. Transcriptome analysis allowed to precisely annotate the positions of introns in the RNL (2), COB (2) and COX1 (4) genes, as well as to refine the annotation of tRNAs and rRNAs. Comparative study of the mitochondrial genome organization in various Candida species indicates that they undergo shuffling in blocks usually containing 2-3 genes, and that their arrangement in primary transcripts is not conserved. tRNA genes with their associated promoters, as well as GC-rich sequence elements play an important role in these evolutionary events. CONCLUSIONS The main evolutionary force shaping the mitochondrial genomes of yeasts is the frequent recombination, constantly breaking apart and joining genes into novel primary transcription units. The mitochondrial transcription units are constantly rearranged in evolution shaping the features of gene expression, such as the presence of secondary promoter sites that are inactive, or act as "booster" promoters, simplified transcriptional regulation and reliance on posttranscriptional mechanisms.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions:Institute of Genetics and Biotechnology UW
ID Code:1017
Deposited By: Dr Pawel Golik
Deposited On:18 Nov 2015 08:34
Last Modified:05 Jan 2016 12:49

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