IBB PAS Repository

Microbial community changes along the Ecology Glacier ablation zone (King George Island, Antarctica)

Grzesiak, Jakub and Zdanowski, Marek K and Górniak, Dorota and Świątecki, Aleksander and Aleksandrzak-Piekarczyk, Tamara and Szatraj, Katarzyna and Sasin-Kurowska, Joanna and Nieckarz, Marta (2015) Microbial community changes along the Ecology Glacier ablation zone (King George Island, Antarctica). Polar Biology, 38 (12). pp. 2069-2083. ISSN 0722-4060


Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00300-01...


In recent years glacial surfaces have received much attention as microbial habitats of diverse photoautotrophic and heterotrophic cells. Supraglacial ecosystems are annually covered and uncovered by snow. The aim of this study was to investigate the microbial community response to changing environmental conditions in a transect following the receding snow line on the surface of Ecology Glacier (King George Island, Antarctica). Parameters of surface ice and cryoconite holes included chemical composition of ice and sediment, Bacteria diversity by denaturating gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), microbial functional diversity (Biolog Ecoplates), and microbial counts (epifluorescence microscopy, colony forming units - CFU). Data demonstrated profound differences between surface ice and cryoconite holes. Changing environmental factors along the transect influenced composition and abundance of the microbiocenosis in both habitat types. Several parameters correlated positively with distance from the glacier edge, including the cell morphotype Shannon Index, chlorophyll a, nitrogen and seston concentrations. Suspended solids content positively correlated with microbial 2 abundance and diversity. Nitrogen and phosphorus were limiting factors of microbial growth as amounts of organic nitrogen and phosphorus positively correlated with the cell numbers, fission rates and photoautotroph contribution. Our findings indicate that microbial community shows a response in terms of abundance and diversity to exposure of the glacial surface as snow-cover melts. To our knowledge this is the first study to recognize a microbial development pattern on a glacier surface in connection with the receding snow line. This may help better understand variability within supraglacial habitats, correct sampling procedures and inform biocenotic development models.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Glacial ice � Cryoconite holes � Microbiocenosis � Microbial abundance � Snow line
Subjects:Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions:Department of Antarctic Biology
Department of Microbial Biochemistry
ID Code:1042
Deposited By: prof. Marek K Zdanowski
Deposited On:01 Dec 2015 10:01
Last Modified:01 Dec 2015 10:01

Repository Staff Only: item control page