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Enrichment of cryoconite hole anaerobes: implications for the subglacial microbiome

Zdanowski, Marek K and Bogdanowicz, Albert and Gawor, Jan and Gromadka, Robert and Wolicka, Dorota and Grzesiak, Jakub (2017) Enrichment of cryoconite hole anaerobes: implications for the subglacial microbiome. Microbial Ecology, 73 (3). pp. 532-538. ISSN 0095-3628


Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00248-0...


Glaciers have recently been recognized as ecosystems, comprised of several distinct habitats: a sunlit and oxygenated glacial surface, glacial ice and a dark, mostly anoxic glacial bed. Surface meltwaters annually flood the subglacial sediments by means of drainage channels. Glacial surfaces host aquatic microhabitats called cryoconite holes, regarded as “hot spots” of microbial abundance and activity, largely contributing to the meltwaters’ bacterial diversity. This study presents an investigation of cryoconite hole anaerobes and discusses their possible impact on subglacial microbial communities, combining 16S rRNA gene fragment amplicon sequencing and the traditional enrichment culture technique. Cryoconite hole sediment harbored bacteria belonging mainly to the Proteobacteria (21%), Bacteroidetes (16%), Actinobacteria (14%) and Planctomycetes (6%) phyla. An 8 week incubation of those sediments in Postgate C medium for sulfate reducers in air tight bottles, emulating subglacial conditions, eliminated a great majority of dominant taxa, leading to enrichment of the Firmicutes (62%), Proteobacteria (14%) and Bacteroidetes (13%), which consisted of anaerobic genera like Clostridium, Psychrosinus, Paludibacter and Acetobacterium. Enrichment of Pseudomonas spp. also occurred, suggesting it played a role as a dominant oxygen scavenger, providing a possible scenario for anaerobic niche establishment in subglacial habitats. To our knowledge this is the first paper to provide insight into the diversity of the anaerobic part of the cryoconite hole microbial community and its potential to contribute to matter turnover in anoxic, subglacial sites.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:bacteria, glacier, psychrophiles, Firmicutes, methanogenesis
Subjects:Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions:Department of Antarctic Biology
ID Code:1324
Deposited By: prof. Marek K Zdanowski
Deposited On:22 Mar 2017 08:26
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 15:34

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