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First step to eradication of Poa annua L. from Point Thomas Oasis (King George Island, South Shetlands, Antarctica)

Galera, Halina and Wódkiewicz, Maciej and Czyż, Ewa and Łapiński, Sławomir and Kowalska, Elżbieta and Pasik, Mariusz and Rajner, Marcin and Bylina, Paweł and Chwedorzewska, Katarzyna J. (2017) First step to eradication of Poa annua L. from Point Thomas Oasis (King George Island, South Shetlands, Antarctica). Polar Biology, 40 . pp. 939-945. ISSN 0722-4060

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Poa annua, an alien species reported from the Antarctic continent and many Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands, was accidentally introduced in the vicinity of the Polish Antarctic Station H. Arctowski. Recently the species has been found entering native plant communities. In almost 30 years it dispersed over 250 m from the site it was first observed and can therefore be considered invasive. We report the first steps to eradicate the species following the initial research to quantify the biology, ecology and genetics of the species. After detailed mapping of all 1439 tussocks located in the Arctowski Station area we removed 314 tussocks closest to a moss carpet formation (native plant community of high conservation value). All of the 49 tussocks growing in the Ecology Glacier forefield were removed. It is the biggest alien plant eradication act conducted so far in Antarctica. We plan to continue the eradication process and monitor the eradicated sites. This will provide valuable information on impacts and issuesrelated to removal of alien species in the maritime Antarctic and will help in informing future decisions on management of other plant invasions in the region. Given the increasing human traffic to the Antarctic and the associated risks of invasion our results will be important not only for Arctowski but also for the whole Antarctic region.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions:Department of Antarctic Biology
ID Code:1366
Deposited By: dr K.J. Chwedorzewska
Deposited On:16 Aug 2017 11:15
Last Modified:18 Aug 2017 07:43

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