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Cut-and-paste transposons in fungi with diverse lifestyles

Muszewska, Anna and Steczkiewicz, Kamil and Stepniewska-Dziubinska, Marta M. and Ginalski, Krzysztof (2017) Cut-and-paste transposons in fungi with diverse lifestyles. Genome Biology and Evolution . ISSN 1759-6653

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Official URL: https://academic.oup.com/gbe/advance-article/doi/1...


Transposons (TEs) shape genomes via recombination and transposition, lead to chromosomal rearrangements, create new gene neighbourhoods and alter gene expression. They play key roles in adaptation either to symbiosis in Amanita genus or to pathogenicity in Pyrenophora tritici-repentis. Despite growing evidence of their importance, the abundance and distribution of mobile elements replicating in a “cut and paste” fashion is barely described so far. In order to improve our knowledge on this old and ubiquitous class of transposable elements, 1,730 fungal genomes were scanned using both de novo and homology-based approaches. DNA TEs have been identified across the whole dataset and display uneven distribution from both DNA TE classification and fungal taxonomy perspectives. DNA TE content correlates with genome size, which confirms that many transposon families proliferate simultaneously. In contrast, it is independent from intron density, average gene distance and GC content. TE count is associated with species’ lifestyle and tends to be elevated in plant symbionts and decreased in animal parasites. Lastly, we found that fungi with both RIP and RNAi systems have more total DNA TE sequences but less elements retaining a functional transposase, what reflects stringent control over transposition.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions:Department of Microbial Biochemistry
ID Code:1448
Deposited By: dr Anna Muszewska
Deposited On:28 Dec 2017 10:55
Last Modified:28 Dec 2017 10:55

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