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ERAP1 and HLA-C*06 are strongly associated with the risk of psoriasis in the population of northern Poland

Stawczyk-Macieja, Marta and Szczerkowska-Dobosz, Aneta and Rębała, Krzysztof and Gabig-Cimińska, Magdalena and Nowicki, Roman J. and Haraś, Agnieszka and Cybulska, Lidia and Kapińska, Ewa (2018) ERAP1 and HLA-C*06 are strongly associated with the risk of psoriasis in the population of northern Poland. Advances in Dermatology and Allergology, XXXV (3). pp. 286-292.

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Official URL: https://www.termedia.pl/Journal/Postepy_Dermatolog...

Abstract

Introduction: HLA-C*06 is a major psoriasis genetic risk marker. Recent reports have been focused on the role of different polymorphisms within genes involved in the functioning of the epidermal barrier and antigen processing in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Data on the association between genetic variants of LCE3B_LCE3C, CSTA, ERAP1, ZAP70 and this dermatosis in the population from Eastern Europe are lacking. Aim: To compare the association between known genetic risk markers and psoriasis in a cohort of northern Polish patients with psoriasis and healthy controls. Material and methods: Based on previous studies’ results, five susceptibility loci: HLA-C, LCE3C_LCE3B, ERAP1, ZAP70 and CSTA were selected for genotyping in 148 patients with chronic plaque psoriasis and 146 healthy controls. Each patient with this disease was clinically assessed with the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index. Results: The study population showed a significant association of psoriasis and a single nucleotide polymorphism in the ERAP1 – rs26653 (p = 3.11 × 10–5) and HLA-C*06 allele (p = 1.02 × 10–11) when compared with the control group. The presence of HLA-C*06 or rs26653 G allele significantly increased the risk of psoriasis by 2.4 times or twice, respectively. Carrying rs26653 C allele considerably decreased the risk of psoriasis by 1.5 times. Conclusions: In the context of pathogenesis of psoriasis, our findings might give the evidence on disturbances in the proteolytic processing of N-terminal fragments of antigens presented via major histocompatibility complex class I to T cells.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:Laboratory of Molecular Biology (in Gdansk)
ID Code:1687
Deposited By: Prof. Magdalena Gabig-Cimińska
Deposited On:26 Feb 2019 08:32
Last Modified:26 Feb 2019 08:32

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