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Transposable elements contribute to fungal genes and impact fungal lifestyle

Muszewska, Anna and Steczkiewicz, Kamil and Stepniewska-Dziubinska, Marta M. and Ginalski, Krzysztof (2019) Transposable elements contribute to fungal genes and impact fungal lifestyle. Scientific Reports, 9 (4307). ISSN 2045-2322

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40965-0

Abstract

The last decade brought a still growing experimental evidence of mobilome impact on host's gene expression. We systematically analysed genomic location of transposable elements (TEs) in 625 publicly available fungal genomes from the NCBI database in order to explore their potential roles in genome evolution and correlation with species' lifestyle. We found that non-autonomous TEs and remnant copies are evenly distributed across genomes. In consequence, they also massively overlap with regions annotated as genes, which suggests a great contribution of TE-derived sequences to host's coding genome. Younger and potentially active TEs cluster with one another away from genic regions. This non-randomness is a sign of either selection against insertion of TEs in gene proximity or target site preference among some types of TEs. Proteins encoded by genes with old transposable elements insertions have significantly less repeat and protein-protein interaction motifs but are richer in enzymatic domains. However, genes only proximal to TEs do not display any functional enrichment. Our findings show that adaptive cases of TE insertion remain a marginal phenomenon, and the overwhelming majority of TEs are evolving neutrally. Eventually, animal-related and pathogenic fungi have more TEs inserted into genes than fungi with other lifestyles. This is the first systematic, kingdom-wide study concerning mobile elements and their genomic neighbourhood. The obtained results should inspire further research concerning the roles TEs played in evolution and how they shape the life we know today.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
ID Code:1701
Deposited By: dr Anna Muszewska
Deposited On:18 Mar 2019 08:38
Last Modified:18 Mar 2019 08:38

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