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Expression of maize Calcium-Dependent Protein Kinase (ZmCPK11) improves salt tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis plants by regulating sodium and potassium homeostasis and stabilizing photosystem II

Borkiewicz, Lidia and Polkowska-Kowalczyk, Lidia and Cieśla, Jarosław M. and Sowiński, Paweł and Joński, Maciej and Rymaszweski, Wojciech and Szymańska, Katarzyna and Jazwiec, Radoslaw and Muszyńska, Grażyna and Szczegielniak, Jadwiga (2019) Expression of maize Calcium-Dependent Protein Kinase (ZmCPK11) improves salt tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis plants by regulating sodium and potassium homeostasis and stabilizing photosystem II. Physiologia Plantarum . ISSN 0031-9317 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/p...

Abstract

In plants, CALCIUM-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES (CDPKs/CPKs) are involved in calcium signaling in response to endogenous and environmental stimuli. Here, we report that ZmCPK11, one of maize CDPKs, participates in salt stress response and tolerance. Salt stress induced expression and upregulated the activity of ZmCPK11 in maize roots and leaves. Activation of ZmCPK11 upon salt stress was also observed in roots and leaves of transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing ZmCPK11. The transgenic plants showed a long-root phenotype under control conditions and a short-root phenotype under NaCl, abscisic acid (ABA) or jasmonic acid (JA) treatment. Analysis of ABA and JA content in roots indicated that ZmCPK11 can mediate root growth by regulating the levels of these phytohormones. Moreover, 4-week-old transgenic plants were more tolerant to salinity than the wild-type plants. Their leaves were less chlorotic and showed weaker symptoms of senescence accompanied by higher chlorophyll content and higher quantum efficiency of photosystem II. The expression of Na+/K+ transporters (HKT1, SOS1 and NHX1) and transcription factors (CBF1, CBF2, CBF3, ZAT6 and ZAT10) with known links to salinity tolerance was upregulated in roots of the transgenic plants upon salt stress. Furthermore, the transgenic plants accumulated less Na+ in roots and leaves under salinity, and showed a higher K+/Na+ ratio in leaves. These results show that the improved salt tolerance in ZmCPK11-transgenic plants could be due to an upregulation of genes involved in the maintenance of intracellular Na+ and K+ homeostasis and a protection of photosystem II against damage.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions:Department of Plant Biochemistry
ID Code:1717
Deposited By: Dr Jadwiga Szczegielniak
Deposited On:07 May 2019 11:48
Last Modified:07 May 2019 11:48

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