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Mapping Glacier Forelands Based on UAV BVLOS Operation in Antarctica

Dąbski, Maciej and Zmarz, Anna and Rodzewicz, Mirosław and Korczak-Abshire, Małgorzata and Karsznia, Izabela and Lach, Katarzyna and Rachlewicz, Grzegorz and Chwedorzewska, Katarzyna J. (2020) Mapping Glacier Forelands Based on UAV BVLOS Operation in Antarctica. Remote Sensing, 12 . p. 630.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/12/4/630/htm

Abstract

The aim of this article is to show geomorphological mapping of remote Antarctic locations usingimagestakenbyafixed-wingunmannedaerialvehicle(UAV)duringtheBeyondVisualLineof Sight (BVLOS) operations. We mapped landform assemblages developed in forelands of Ecology Glacier (EGF), Sphinx Glacier (SGF) and Baranowski Glacier (BGF) in Antarctic Specially Protected Area No. 128 (ASPA 128) on King George Island (South Shetland Islands) and inferred about glacial dynamics. The orthophoto and digital elevation model allowed for geomorphological mapping of glacial forelands, including (i) glacial depositional landforms, (ii) fluvial and fluvioglacial landforms, (iii) littoral and lacustrine landforms, (iv) bodies of water, and (v) other. The largest area is occupied by ground moraine and glacial lagoons on EGF and BGF. The most profound features of EGF are the largelatero-frontalmoraineridgesfromLittleIceAgeandthefirsthalfofthe20thcentury. Largeareas of ground moraine, frequently fluted and marked with large recessional moraine ridges, dominate on SGF. A significant percentage of bedrock outcrops and end moraine complexes characterize BGF. The landform assemblages are typical for discontinuous fast ice flow of tidewater glaciers over a deformable bed. It is inferred that ice flow velocity decreased as a result of recession from the sea coast, resulting in a significant decrease in the length of ice cliffs and decrease in calving rate. Image acquisition during the fixed-wing UAV BVLOS operation proved to be a very robust technique in harsh polar conditions of King George Island.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QE Geology
Divisions:Department of Antarctic Biology
ID Code:1863
Deposited By: dr Malgorzata Korczak-Abshire
Deposited On:23 Mar 2020 10:18
Last Modified:24 Mar 2020 11:31

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