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A novel mobilizing tool based on the conjugative transfer system of the IncM plasmid pCTX-M3

Dmowski, Michal and Kern-Zdanowicz, I. (2020) A novel mobilizing tool based on the conjugative transfer system of the IncM plasmid pCTX-M3. Applied and Environmental Microbiology . ISSN 0099-2240 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://aem.asm.org/content/early/2020/06/23/AEM.0...

Abstract

Conjugative plasmids are the main players in horizontal gene transfer in Gram-negative bacteria. DNA transfer tools constructed on the basis of such plasmids enable gene manipulation even in strains of clinical or environmental origin, which are often difficult to work with. The conjugation system of the IncM plasmid pCTX-M3 isolated from a clinical strain of Citrobacter freundii has been shown to enable efficient mobilization of oriT pCTX-M3-bearing plasmids into a broad range of hosts comprising Alpha-, Beta-, and Gammaproteobacteria We constructed a helper plasmid pMOBS mediating such mobilization with an efficiency up to 1000-fold higher than that achieved with native pCTX-M3. We also constructed E. coli donor strains with chromosome-integrated conjugative transfer genes: S14 and S15, devoid of one putative regulator (orf35), and S25 and S26, devoid of two putative regulators (orf35 and orf36) of the pCTX-M3 tra genes. Strains S14 and S15, and S25 and S26 are, respectively, up to 100 and 1000 times more efficient in mobilization than pCTX-M3. Moreover, they also enable plasmid mobilization to the Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Lactococcus lactis Additionally, the constructed E. coli strains carried no antibiotic resistance genes that are present in pCTX-M3 to facilitate manipulations with antibiotic-resistant recipient strains, such as those of clinical origin. To demonstrate possible application of the constructed tool, an antibacterial conjugation-based system was designed. Strain S26 was used for introduction of a mobilizable plasmid coding for a toxin, resulting in the elimination of over 90% of recipient E. coli cells.IMPORTANCE The conjugation of donor and recipient bacterial cells resulting in conjugative transfer of mobilizable plasmids is the preferred method enabling the introduction of DNA into strains for which other transfer methods are difficult to establish (e.g., clinical strains). We have constructed E. coli strains carrying the conjugation system of the IncM plasmid pCTX-M3 integrated into the chromosome. To increase the mobilization efficiency up to 1000-fold, two putative regulators of this system, orf35 and/or orf36, were disabled. The constructed strains broaden the repertoire of tools for the introduction of DNA into the Gram-negative Alpha-, Beta-, and Gammaproteobacteria, as well as into Gram-positive bacteria such as Bacillus subtilis and Lactococcus lactis The antibacterial procedure based on conjugation with the use of the orf35- and orf36-deficient strain lowered the recipient cell number by over 90% owing to the mobilizable plasmid-encoded toxin.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions:Department of Microbial Biochemistry
ID Code:1891
Deposited By: dr hab. Izabela Kern-Zdanowicz
Deposited On:29 Jun 2020 13:56
Last Modified:29 Jun 2020 13:56

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