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ATP Synthase Subunit a Supports Permeability Transition in Yeast Lacking Dimerization Subunits and Modulates yPTP Conductance

Niedźwiecka, Katarzyna and Baranowska, Emilia and Panja, Chiranjit and Kucharczyk, Roza (2020) ATP Synthase Subunit a Supports Permeability Transition in Yeast Lacking Dimerization Subunits and Modulates yPTP Conductance. Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry, 2020 (54). pp. 211-229.

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Official URL: https://www.cellphysiolbiochem.com/Articles/000215...

Abstract

Background/Aims: Mitochondrial ATP synthase, in addition to being involved in ATP synthesis, is involved in permeability transition pore (PTP) formation, which precedes apoptosis in mammalian cells and programmed cell death in yeast. Mutations in genes encoding ATP synthase subunits cause neuromuscular disorders and have been identified in cancer samples. PTP is also involved in pathology. We previously found that in Saccharomyces cerevisiae,two mutations in ATP synthase subunit a (atp6-P163S and atp6-K90E, equivalent to those detected in prostate and thyroid cancer samples, respectively) in the OM45-GFP background affected ROS and calcium homeostasis and delayed yeast PTP (yPTP) induction upon calcium treatment by modulating the dynamics of ATP synthase dimer/oligomer formation. The Om45 protein is a component of the porin complex, which is equivalent to mammalian VDAC. We aimed to investigate yPTP function in atp6-P163S and atp6-K90E mutants lacking the e and g dimerization subunits of ATP synthase. Methods: Triple mutants with the atp6-P163S or atp6-K90E mutation, the OM45-GFP gene and deletion of the TIM11 gene encoding subunit ewere constructed by crossing and tetrad dissection. In spores capable of growing, the original atp6 mutations reverted to wild type, and two compensatory mutations, namely, atp6-C33S-T215C, were selected. The effects of these mutations on cellular physiology, mitochondrial morphology, bioenergetics and permeability transition (PT) were analyzed by fluorescence and electron microscopy, mitochondrial respiration, ATP synthase activity, calcium retention capacity and swelling assays. Results: The atp6-C33S-T215Cmutationsin the OM45-GFPbackground led to delayed growth at elevated temperature on both fermentative and respiratory media and increased sensitivity to high calcium ions concentration or hydrogen peroxide in the medium. The ATP synthase activity was reduced by approximately 50% and mitochondrial network was hyperfused in these cells grown at elevated temperature. The atp6-C33S-T215Cstabilized ATP synthase dimers and restored the yPTP properties in Tim11∆ cells. In OM45-GFP cells, in which Tim11 is present, these mutations increased the fraction of swollen mitochondria by up to 85% vs 60% in the wild type, although the time required for calcium release doubled. Conclusion: ATP synthase subunit e is essential in the S. cerevisiaeatp6-P163S and atp6-K90E mutants. In addition to subunits e and g, subunit a is critical for yPTP induction and conduction. The increased yPTP conduction decrease the S. cerevisiae cell fitness.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Mitochondria, Permeability transition pore, ATP synthase, ATP6, Subunit a, S. cerevisiae
Subjects:Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions:Department of Genetics
ID Code:1893
Deposited By: mgr Katarzyna Niedźwiecka
Deposited On:14 Jul 2020 13:07
Last Modified:14 Jul 2020 13:08

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