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Aβ5−xPeptides: N‑Terminal Truncation Yields Tunable Cu(II)Complexes

Wezynfeld, Nina Ewa and Tobolska, Aleksandra and Mital, Mariusz and Wawrzyniak, Urszula E. and Wiloch, Magdalena and Płonka, Dawid and Bossak‐Ahmad, Karolina and Wróblewski, Wojciech and Bal, Wojciech (2020) Aβ5−xPeptides: N‑Terminal Truncation Yields Tunable Cu(II)Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry, 59 (19). pp. 14000-14011. ISSN Print Edition ISSN: 0020-1669 Web Edition ISSN: 1520-510X

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Official URL: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.inorgchem...

Abstract

The Aβ5−x peptides (x = 38, 40, 42) are minor Aβ species in normal brains but elevated upon the application of inhibitors of Aβ processing enzymes. They are interesting from the point of view of coordination chemistry for the presence of an Arg-His metal binding sequence at their N-terminus capable of forming a 3-nitrogen (3N) three-coordinate chelate system. Similar sequences in other bioactive peptides were shown to bind Cu(II) ions in biological systems. Therefore, we investigated Cu(II) complex formation and reactivity of a series of truncated Aβ5−x peptide models comprising the metal binding site: Aβ5−9, Aβ5−12, Aβ5−12Y10F, and Aβ5−16. Using CD and UV−vis spectroscopies and potentiometry, we found that all peptides coordinated the Cu(II) ion with substantial affinities higher than 3 × 1012 M−1 at pH 7.4 for Aβ5−9 and Aβ5−12. This affinity was elevated 3-fold in Aβ5−16 by the formation of the internal macrochelate with the fourth coordination site occupied by the imidazole nitrogen of the His13 or His14 residue. A much higher boost of affinity could be achieved in Aβ5−9 and Aβ5−12 by adding appropriate amounts of the external imidazole ligand. The 3N Cu-Aβ5−x complexes could be irreversibly reduced to Cu(I) at about −0.6 V vs Ag/AgCl and oxidized to Cu(III) at about 1.2 V vs Ag/AgCl. The internal or external imidazole coordination to the 3N core resulted in a slight destabilization of the Cu(I) state and stabilization of the Cu(III) state. Taken together these results indicate that Aβ5−x peptides, which bind Cu(II) ions much more strongly than Aβ1−x peptides and only slightly weaker than Aβ4−x peptides could interfere with Cu(II) handling by these peptides, adding to copper dyshomeostasis in Alzheimer brains.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:amyloid beta, Cu(II), copper, AB5-x
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions:Department of Biophysics
ID Code:1932
Deposited By: Mr Dawid Płonka
Deposited On:06 Nov 2020 08:42
Last Modified:06 Nov 2020 08:42

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