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The binding of the APT1 domains to phosphoinositides is regulated by metal ions in vitro

Kolakowski, Damian and Kaminska, Joanna and Zoladek, Teresa (2020) The binding of the APT1 domains to phosphoinositides is regulated by metal ions in vitro. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes, 1862 (9). ISSN 00052736


Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...


Chorein is a protein of the Vps13 family, and defects in this protein cause the rare neurodegenerative disorder chorea-acanthocytosis (ChAc). Chorein is involved in the actin cytoskeleton organization, calcium ion flux, neuronal cell excitability, exocytosis and autophagy. The function of this protein is poorly understood, and obtaining this knowledge is a key to finding a cure for ChAc. Chorein, as well as the Vps13 protein from yeast, contains the APT1 domain. Our previous research has shown that the APT1 domain from yeast Vps13 (yAPT1v) binds phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PI3P) in vitro. In this study, we showed that although the APT1 domain from chorein (hAPT1) binds to PI3P it could not functionally replace yAPT1v. The hAPT1 domain binds, in addition to PI3P, to phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate (PI5P). The binding of hAPT1 to PI3P, unlike the binding of yAPT1v to PI3P, is regulated by the bivalent ions, calcium and magnesium. Regulation of PI3P binding via calcium is also observed for the APT1 domain of yeast autophagy protein Atg2. The substitution I2771R, found in chorein of patient suffering from ChAc, reduces the binding of the hAPT1 domain to PI3P and PI5P. These results suggest that the ability of APT1 domains to bind phosphoinositides is regulated differently in yeast and human protein and that this regulation is important for chorein function.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:Department of Genetics
ID Code:1952
Deposited By: PhD Joanna KamiƄska
Deposited On:05 Jan 2021 08:43
Last Modified:05 Jan 2021 08:43

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