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Diet of the grey wolf Canis lupus in Roztocze and Solska Forest, south-east Poland

Mysłajek, Robert W. and Stachyra, Przemysław and Figura, Michał and Nędzyńska-Stygar, Monika and Stefański, Robert and Korga, Michał and Kwiatkowska, Iga and Stępniak, Kinga and Tołkacz, Katarzyna and Nowak, Sabina (2022) Diet of the grey wolf Canis lupus in Roztocze and Solska Forest, south-east Poland. Journal of Vertebrate Biology, 71 (22040). pp. 1-12.


Official URL: https://doi.org/10.25225/jvb.22040


The diet composition and prey selection of grey wolves (Canis lupus) inhabiting the Roztocze and Solska Forest (south-east Poland) was studied based on an analysis of scats collected in 2001-2002 (n = 84) and 2017-2020 (n = 302). In both periods, wolves preyed mainly on wild ungulates (96.5-96.7% of consumed biomass). Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) was the most critical wolf prey accounting for 57.8% of consumed biomass in 2001-2002 and 49.2% and 2017-2020, but wolves positively select only wild boar (Jacob's selectivity index D = 0.213 in 2001-2002 and 0.710 in 2017-2020) and fallow deer (D = 0.588 only in 2017-2020). The largest species – moose Alces alces and red deer Cervus elaphus – were consumed less than expected from their share in the ungulate community. Predation on medium-sized wild mammals and domestic animals was low, 0.8-2.2% and 1.1-2.7% of the biomass consumed, respectively. The breadth of the wolf diet was very narrow and identical in both study periods (B = 1.07), while the similarity of diet composition was high (α = 0.999). This study indicated the stability of the wolf diet over two decades and the importance of wild boar as a food source for this carnivore.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions:Department of Antarctic Biology
ID Code:2186
Deposited By: Katarzyna Tołkacz
Deposited On:27 Oct 2022 07:21
Last Modified:27 Oct 2022 07:21

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