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The C-Terminal Region of SLIM1 Transcription Factor Is Required for Sulfur Deficiency Response

Piotrowska, Justyna and Jodoi, Yuki and Trang, Nguyen and Wawrzyńska, Anna and Takahashi, Hideki and Sirko, Agnieszka and Maruyama-Nakashita, Akiko (2022) The C-Terminal Region of SLIM1 Transcription Factor Is Required for Sulfur Deficiency Response. Plants (Basel), 11 (19). p. 2595. ISSN 2223-7747


Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11192595


Sulfur LIMitation1 (SLIM1) transcription factor coordinates gene expression in plants in response to sulfur deficiency (-S). SLIM1 belongs to the family of plant-specific EIL transcription factors with EIN3 and EIL1, which regulate the ethylene-responsive gene expression. The EIL domains consist of DNA binding and dimerization domains highly conserved among EIL family members, while the N- and C-terminal regions are structurally variable and postulated to have regulatory roles in this protein family, such that the EIN3 C-terminal region is essential for its ethylene-responsive activation. In this study, we focused on the roles of the SLIM1 C-terminal region. We examined the transactivation activity of the full-length and the truncated SLIM1 in yeast and Arabidopsis. The full-length SLIM1 and the truncated form of SLIM1 with a deletion of C-terminal 106 amino acids (dC105) transactivated the reporter gene expression in yeast when they were fused to the GAL4 DNA binding domain, whereas the deletion of additional 15 amino acids to remove the C-terminal 120 amino acids (dC120) eliminated such an activity, identifying the necessity of that 15-amino-acid segment for transactivation. In the Arabidopsis slim1-2 mutant, the transcript levels of SULTR1;2 sulfate transporter and the GFP expression derived from the SULTR1;2 promoter-GFP (PSULTR1;2-GFP) transgene construct were restored under -S by introducing the full-length SLIM1, but not with the C-terminal truncated forms dC105 and dC57. Furthermore, the transcript levels of S-responsive genes were restored concomitantly with an increase in glutathione accumulation in the complementing lines with the full-length SLIM1 but not with DC57. The C-terminal 57 amino acids of SLIM1 were also shown to be necessary for transactivation of a S-inducible gene, SHM7/MSA1, in a transient expression system using the SHM7/MSA1 promoter-GUS as a reporter. These findings suggest that the C-terminal region is essential for the SLIM1 activity.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:Department of Plant Biochemistry
ID Code:2188
Deposited By: Dr AK Wawrzyńska
Deposited On:27 Oct 2022 07:24
Last Modified:27 Oct 2022 07:24

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