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Sex-dependent differences in behavioral and immunological responses to antibiotic and bacteriophage administration in mice

Grabowski, Łukasz and Pierzynowska, Karolina and Kosznik-Kwaśnicka, Katarzyna and Stasiłojć, Małgorzata and Jerzemowska, Grażyna and Węgrzyn, Alicja and Węgrzyn, Grzegorz and Podlacha, Magdalena (2023) Sex-dependent differences in behavioral and immunological responses to antibiotic and bacteriophage administration in mice. Frontiers in Immunology, 14 . p. 1133358. ISSN 1664-3224


Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu...


Introduction: The problem of antibiotic resistance is a global one, involving many industries and entailing huge financial outlays. Therefore, the search for alternative methods to combat drug-resistant bacteria has a priority status. Great potential is seen in bacteriophages which have the natural ability to kill bacterial cells. Bacteriophages also have several advantages over antibiotics. Firstly, they are considered ecologically safe (harmless to humans, plants and animals). Secondly, bacteriophages preparations are readily producible and easy to apply. However, before bacteriophages can be authorized for medical and veterinary use, they must be accurately characterized in vitro and in vivo to determinate safety. Methods: Therefore, the aim of this study was to verify for the first time the behavioral and immunological responses of both male and female mice (C57BL/6J) to bacteriophage cocktail, composed of two bacteriophages, and to two commonly used antibiotics, enrofloxacin and tetracycline. Animal behavior, the percentage of lymphocyte populations and subpopulations, cytokine concentrations, blood hematological parameters, gastrointestinal microbiome analysis and the size of internal organs, were evaluated. Results: Unexpectedly, we observed a sex-dependent, negative effect of antibiotic therapy, which not only involved the functioning of the immune system, but could also significantly impaired the activity of the central nervous system, as manifested by disruption of the behavioral pattern, especially exacerbated in females. In contrast to antibiotics, complex behavioral and immunological analyses confirmed the lack of adverse effects during the bacteriophage cocktail administration. Discussion: The mechanism of the differences between males and females in appearance of adverse effects, related to the behavioral and immune functions, in the response to antibiotic treatment remains to be elucidated. One might imagine that differences in hormones and/or different permeability of the blood-brain barrier can be important factors, however, extensive studies are required to find the real reason(s).

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
Divisions:Laboratory of Molecular Biology (in Gdansk)
ID Code:2274
Deposited By: MSc Łukasz Grabowski
Deposited On:07 Jun 2023 10:34
Last Modified:07 Jun 2023 10:34

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