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Chloroacetaldehyde-induced mutagenesis in Escherichia coli: the role of AlkB protein in repair of 3,N4-ethenocytosine and 3,N4-α-hydroxyethanocytosine

Maciejewska, Agnieszka M. and Ruszel, Karol P. and Nieminuszczy, Jadwiga and Lewicka, Joanna and Sokolowska, Beata and Grzesiuk, Elzbieta and Kusmierek, Jaroslaw T. (2010) Chloroacetaldehyde-induced mutagenesis in Escherichia coli: the role of AlkB protein in repair of 3,N4-ethenocytosine and 3,N4-α-hydroxyethanocytosine. Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, 684 (1-2). pp. 24-34. ISSN 0027-5107

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Etheno () adducts are formed in reaction of DNA bases with various environmental carcinogens and endogenously created products of lipid peroxidation. Chloroacetaldehyde (CAA), a metabolite of carcinogen vinyl chloride, is routinely used to generate -adducts. We studied the role of AlkB, along with AlkA and Mug proteins, all engaged in repair of -adducts, in CAA-induced mutagenesis. The test system used involved pIF102 and pIF104 plasmids bearing the lactose operon of CC102 or CC104 origin (C.G. Cupples, J.H. Miller. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86 (1989) 5345-5349) which allowed to monitor Lac+ revertants, the latter arose by GCAT or GCTA substitutions, respectively, as a result of modification of guanine and cytosine. The plasmids were CAA-damaged in vitro and replicated in E. coli of various genetic backgrounds. To modify the levels of AlkA and AlkB proteins, mutagenesis was studied in E. coli cells induced or not in adaptive response. Formation of C proceeds via a relatively stable intermediate, 3,N4--hydroxyethanocytosine (HEC), which allowed to compare repair of both adducts. The results indicate that all three genes, alkA, alkB and mug, are engaged in alleviation of CAA-induced mutagenesis. The frequency of mutation was higher in AlkA-, AlkB- and Mug-deficient strains in comparison to alkA+, alkB+, and mug+ controls. Considering the levels of CAA-induced Lac+ revertants in strains harboring the pIF plasmids and induced or not in adaptive response, we conclude that AlkB protein is engaged in the repair of C and HEC in vivo. Using the modified TTCTT 5-mers as substrates, we confirmed in vitro that AlkB protein repairs C and HEC although far less efficiently than the reference adduct 3-methylcytosine. The pH optimum for repair of HEC and εC is significantly different from that for 3-methylcytosine. We propose that the protonated form of adduct interact in active site of AlkB protein.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: E. coli AlkB, AlkA and Mug proteins; repair of etheno adducts; chloroacetaldehyde-induced mutagenesis; LacZ→Lac+ reversion
Subjects:Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions:Department of Molecular Biology
ID Code:23
Deposited By: Prof. Jarosław T. Kuśmierek
Deposited On:29 Nov 2010 12:53
Last Modified:28 Mar 2012 20:35

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