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The first report on Hepatozoon canis in dogs and wolves in Poland: clinical and epidemiological features

Tołkacz, Katarzyna and Kretschmer, Milena and Nowak, Sabina and Mysłajek, Robert W. and Alsarraf, Mustafa and Wężyk, Dagmara and Bajer, Anna (2023) The first report on Hepatozoon canis in dogs and wolves in Poland: clinical and epidemiological features. Parasites & Vectors, 16 . ISSN 1756-3305


Official URL: https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/arti...


Background Canine hepatozoonosis caused by Hepatozoon canis is a common infection in dogs, with frequent case reports from the Mediterranean region and more recently from several Central European countries, such as Hungary and Germany. Despite the high prevalence of H. canis in red foxes, no infections have been reported to date in dogs in Poland. We describe here the first autochthonous cases of H. canis infection in dogs, including their clinical features, and report the prevalence of H. canis in grey wolves from different regions of Poland. Methods Thin smears prepared from blood samples collected from dogs were evaluated by microscopic examination. A total of 60 wolves and 47 dogs were tested. Infections were confirmed by PCR and sequencing. Results Gamonts of H. canis were found in > 50% of the neutrophils of two dogs and in < 10% of the neutrophils in another five dogs. Molecular typing by PCR sequencing of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene fragment confirmed infections in 11 dogs from different regions of Poland, in 2.7% of dogs attending veterinary practices in central Poland and in 35% of wolves from various geographical regions of Poland. Clinical features manifested mostly in older dogs, and the most common signs were anaemia and apathy. Young dogs usually remained asymptomatic. Conclusions This is the first report of H. canis infection in dogs and wolves in Poland. Although the exact vector of the parasite is not known, veterinary practitioners should be aware of this new parasitosis and should consider appropriate diagnostics to confirm/exclude this infection. Further studies are needed to understand the transmission routes of H. canis in domestic and wild canids in Poland.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions:Department of Antarctic Biology
ID Code:2313
Deposited By: Katarzyna Tołkacz
Deposited On:05 Sep 2023 07:48
Last Modified:05 Sep 2023 07:48

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