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Metal and antibiotic resistance of bacteria isolated from the Baltic Sea

Moskot, Marta and Kotlarska, Ewa and Jakóbkiewicz-Banecka, Joanna and Gabig-Cimińska, Magdalena and Fari, Karoline and Węgrzyn, Grzegorz and Wróbel, Borys (2012) Metal and antibiotic resistance of bacteria isolated from the Baltic Sea. International Microbiology, 15 . pp. 131-139.

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The resistance of 49 strains of bacteria isolated from surface Baltic Sea waters to 11 antibiotics was analyzed and the resistance of selected strains to three metal ions (Ni2+, Mn2+, Zn2+) was tested. Most isolates belonged to Gammaproteobacteria (78 %), while Alphaproteobacteria (8 %), Actinobacteria (10 %), and Bacteroidetes (4 %) were less abundant. Compelling evidence for relationships between resistance, and the presence of plasmids and the ability to produce pigments, as demonstrated in previous reports, was not obtained for the strains isolated in this work. In particular, strains resistant to multiple antibiotics did not carry plasmids more frequently than sensitive strains. A relation between resistance and the four aminoglycosides tested (gentamycin, kanamycin, neomycin, and streptomycin), but not to spectinomycin, was demonstrated. This observation is of interest given that spectinomycin is not always classified as an aminoglycoside because it lacks a traditional sugar moiety. Statistical analysis indicated relationships with resistance to other antibiotics (ampicillin and erythromycin, chloramphenicol and erythromycin, chloramphenicol and tetracycline, erythromycin and tetracycline), suggesting the linkage of resistance genes for antibiotics belonging to different classes. The effects of NiSO4, ZnCl2 and MnCl2 on various media suggested that the composition of Marine Broth might result in low concentrations of Mn2+ due to chemical interactions that potentially lead to precipitation.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions:Laboratory of Molecular Biology (in Gdansk)
ID Code:384
Deposited By: Prof. Magdalena Gabig-Cimińska
Deposited On:03 Apr 2013 09:04
Last Modified:03 Apr 2013 09:04

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