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Sugar availability modulates polyisoprenoid and phytosterol profiles in Arabidopsis thaliana hairy root culture.

Jóźwiak, Adam and Ples, Magdalena and Skorupinska-Tudek, Karolina and Kania, Magdalena and Dydak, Marta and Danikiewicz, Witold and Swiezewska, Ewa (2013) Sugar availability modulates polyisoprenoid and phytosterol profiles in Arabidopsis thaliana hairy root culture. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1831 (2). pp. 438-447. ISSN 0006-3002

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...


Sugars are recognized as signaling molecules regulating the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites in plants. Here, a modulatory effect of sugars on dolichol and phytosterol profiles was noted in the hairy roots of Arabidopsis thaliana. Arabidopsis roots contain a complex dolichol mixture comprising three groups ('families') of dolichols differing in the chain-length. These dolichols, especially the longest ones are accompanied by considerable amounts of polyprenols of the same length. The spectrum of polyisoprenoid alcohols, i.e. dolichols and polyprenols, was dependent on sugar type (glucose or sucrose) and its concentration in the medium. Among the long-chain dolichols Dol/Pren-20 (dolichol or prenol molecule composed of 20 isoprene residues) and Dol/Pren-23 were the main components at 0.5% and 2% glucose, respectively. Moreover, the ratio of polyprenols versus respective dolichols was also modulated by sugar in this group of polyisoprenoids, with polyprenols dominating at 3% sucrose and dolichols at 2% glucose. Glucose concentration affected the expression level of genes encoding cis-prenyltransferases, enzymes responsible for elongation of the polyisoprenoid chain. The most abundant phytosterols of the A. thaliana roots, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol and campesterol, were accompanied by corresponding stanols and traces of brassicasterol, stigmast-4,22-dien-3-one and stigmast-4-en-3-one. Similar to the polyisoprenoids, sterol profile responded to the sugar present in the medium, β-sitosterol dominating in roots grown on 3% or lower glucose concentrations and stigmasterol in 3% sucrose. These results indicate an involvement of sugar signaling in the regulation of cis-prenyltransferases and phytosterol pathway enzymes.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions:Department of Lipid Biochemistry
ID Code:410
Deposited By: Adam Jóźwiak
Deposited On:11 Mar 2013 08:24
Last Modified:27 Oct 2014 14:08

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