IBB PAS Repository

Putative biological mechanisms of efficiency of substrate reduction therapies for mucopolysaccharidoses

Banecka-Majkutewicz, Zyta and Jakóbkiewicz-Banecka, Joanna and Gabig-Cimińska, Magdalena and Węgrzyn, Alicja and Węgrzyn, Grzegorz (2012) Putative biological mechanisms of efficiency of substrate reduction therapies for mucopolysaccharidoses. Archivum Immunologiae et Therapia Experimentalis, 60 . pp. 461-468.

[img] Microsoft Word


Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are inherited metabolic diseases caused by mutations in genes coding for lysosomal enzymes involved in degradation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Dysfunction of any of these enzymes results in accumulation of GAGs, which leads to severe clinical symptoms and significantly shortened life span. Several kinds of therapies have been proposed to treat MPS, including bone marrow or stem cells transplantation, enzyme replacement therapy and gene therapy. Another option is substrate reduction therapy (SRT), in which synthesis of GAGs is inhibited. Recent studies employing in vitro and animal models suggested that this therapy may be efficient in decreasing levels of GAGs in MPS cells, including those bearing two null alleles of the affected gene. Results of behavioural tests in animals as well as some preliminary clinical observations with pediatric patients corroborated the suggestions about possible efficacy of SRT in MPS treatment, including brain functions. Efficient reduction of GAG levels in MPS cells homozygous for null mutations may by intriguing in the commonly accepted scheme of SRT mode of action. In this paper we propose an explanation of this phenomenon, based on already known facts. Thus, we suggest that SRT may lead to reduction of GAG levels in MPS cells due to inhibition of efficiency of GAG synthesis combined with (i) any readthrough of the stop codon, (ii) dilution of already accumulated GAGs due to cell growth followed by cell divisions, and (iii) action of endoglycosidases degrading GAGs, e.g. heparanase, in combination with functional GAG-specific hydrolases.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions:Laboratory of Molecular Biology (in Gdansk)
ID Code:444
Deposited By: Prof. Magdalena Gabig-Cimińska
Deposited On:03 Apr 2013 09:05
Last Modified:03 Apr 2013 09:05

Repository Staff Only: item control page