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Oxidatively damaged DNA and its repair in colon carcinogenesis

Tudek, Barbara and Speina, Elzbieta (2012) Oxidatively damaged DNA and its repair in colon carcinogenesis. Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, 736 . pp. 82-92. ISSN 0027-5107

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...


Inflammation, high fat, high red meat and low fiber consumption have for long been known as the most important etiological factors of sporadic colorectal cancers (CRC). Colon cancer originates from neoplastic transformation in a single layer of epithelial cells occupying colonic crypts, in which migration and apoptosis program becomes disrupted. This results in the formation of polyps and metastatic cancers. Mutational program in sporadic cancers involves APC gene, in which mutations occur most abundantly in the early phase of the process. This is followed by mutations in RAS, TP53, and other genes. Progression of carcinogenic process in the colon is accompanied by augmentation of the oxidative stress, which manifests in the increased level of oxidatively damaged DNA both in the colon epithelium, and in blood leukocytes and urine, already at the earliest stages of disease development. Defence mechanisms are deregulated in CRC patients: (i) antioxidative vitamins level in blood plasma declines with the development of disease; (ii) mRNA level of base excision repair enzymes in blood leukocytes of CRC patients is significantly increased; however, excision rate is regulated separately, being increased for 8-oxoGua, while decreased for lipid peroxidation derived ethenoadducts, Ade and Cyt; (iii) excision rate of Ade and Cyt in colon tumors is significantly increased in comparison to asymptomatic colon margin, and ethenoadducts level is decreased. This review highlights mechanisms underlying such deregulation, which is the driving force to colon carcinogenesis.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:Department of Molecular Biology
ID Code:494
Deposited By: Dr Elżbieta Speina
Deposited On:11 Apr 2014 12:09
Last Modified:20 Oct 2014 09:24

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