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Regulatory Mutations Affecting Sulfur Metabolism Induce Environmental Stress Response in Aspergillus nidulans

Sieńko, Marzena and Natorff, Renata and Skoneczny, Marek and Kruszewska, Joanna S. and Paszewski, Andrzej and Brzywczy, Jerzy (2014) Regulatory Mutations Affecting Sulfur Metabolism Induce Environmental Stress Response in Aspergillus nidulans. Fungal Genetics and Biology, 65 . pp. 37-47. ISSN 1087-1845

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...


Mutations in the cysB, sconB and sconC genes affect sulfur metabolism in Aspergillus nidulans in different ways. The cysB mutation blocks synthesis of cysteine by the main pathway and leads to a shortage of this amino acid. The sconB and sconC mutations affect subunits of the SCF ubiquitin ligase complex, which inactivates the MetR transcription factor in the presence of an excess of cysteine. In effect, both cysB and scon mutations lead to permanent derepression of MetR-dependent genes. We compared transcriptomes of these three mutants with that of a wild type strain finding altered expression of a few hundred genes belonging to various functional categories. Besides those involved in sulfur metabolism, many up-regulated genes are related to stress responses including heat shock and osmotic stress. However, only the scon strains are more resistant to exogenous stress agents than the wild type strain while cysB is more sensitive. The two-component signal transduction system is a functional category, which is most enriched among genes up-regulated in the cysB, sconB and sconC mutants. A large group of up-regulated genes are involved in carbohydrate and energy metabolism, including genes coding for enzymes of trehalose and glycerol synthesis. The altered expression of these genes is accompanied by changes in sugar and polyol accumulation in conidia of the mutants. Genes encoding enzymes of the glyoxylate bypass and the GABA shunt are also up-regulated along with genes coding for enzymes of alcohol fermentation. Among the down-regulated genes the most numerous are those encoding membrane proteins and enzymes involved in secondary metabolism, including the penicillin biosynthesis cluster.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions:Department of Genetics
ID Code:673
Deposited By: dr Marzena Sieńko
Deposited On:11 Apr 2014 11:18
Last Modified:20 Oct 2014 09:04

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