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Posttranslational Regulation of Human DNA Polymerase ι.

McIntyre, Justyna and McLenigan, Mary P and Frank, Ekaterina G and Dai, Xiaoxia and Yang, Wei and Wang, Yinsheng and Woodgate, Roger (2015) Posttranslational Regulation of Human DNA Polymerase ι. The Journal of biological chemistry . ISSN 1083-351X (In Press)

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Official URL: http://www.jbc.org/content/early/2015/09/14/jbc.M1...


Human DNA polymerases (pols) η and ι are Y- family DNA polymerase paralogs that facilitate translesion synthesis (TLS) past damaged DNA. Both polη and polι can be monoubiquitinated in vivo. Polη has been shown to be ubiquitinated at one primary site. When this site is unavailable, three nearby lysines, may become ubiquitinated. In contrast, mass spectrometry analysis of monoubiquitinated polι revealed that it is ubiquitinated at over 27 unique sites. Many of these sites are localized in different functional domains of the protein, including the catalytic polymerase domain, the PCNA-interacting region, the Rev1-interacting region, as well as its Ubiquitin Binding Motifs, UBM1 and UBM2. Polι monoubiquitination remains unchanged after cells are exposed to DNA damaging agents such as UV- light (generating UV-photoproducts), ethyl methanesulfonate (generating alkylation damage), mitomycin C (generating interstrand crosslinks), or potassium bromate (generating direct oxidative DNA damage). However, when exposed to naphthoquinones, such as menadione and plumbagin, which cause indirect oxidative damage through mitochondrial dysfunction, polι becomes transiently polyubiquitinated via K11- and K48- linked chains of ubiquitin and subsequently targeted for degradation. Polyubiquitination does not occur as a direct result of the perturbation of the redox cycle, as no polyubiquitination was observed after treatment with rotenone, or antimycin A, which inhibit mitochondrial electron transport. Interestingly, polyubiquitination was observed after the inhibition of the lysine acetyltransferase, KATB3/p300. We hypothesize that the formation of polyubiquitination chains attached to polι occurs via the interplay between lysine acetylation and ubiquitination of ubiquitin itself at K11- and K48- rather than oxidative damage per se.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions:Laboratory of Mutagenesis and DNA Repair
ID Code:985
Deposited By: dr Justyna McIntyre
Deposited On:13 Oct 2015 09:32
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 15:33

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