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Pharmacokinetic Drug Interaction Study of Sorafenib and Morphine in Rats

Karbownik, Agnieszka and Szkutnik-Fiedler, Danuta and Grabowski, Tomasz and Wolc, Anna and Stanisławiak-Rudowicz, Joanna and Jaźwiec, Radosław and Grześkowiak, Edmund and Szałek, Edyta (2021) Pharmacokinetic Drug Interaction Study of Sorafenib and Morphine in Rats. Pharmaceutics, 13 (12). p. 2172. ISSN 1999-4923


Official URL: http://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics13122172


A combination of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor—sorafenib—and the opioid analgesic— morphine—can be found in the treatment of cancer patients. Since both are substrates of Pglycoprotein (P-gp), and sorafenib is also an inhibitor of P-gp, their co-administration may affect their pharmacokinetics, and thus the safety and efficacy of cancer therapy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the potential pharmacokinetic drug–drug interactions between sorafenib and morphine using an animal model. The rats were divided into three groups that Received: sorafenib and morphine (ISOR+MF), sorafenib (IISOR), and morphine (IIIMF). Morphine caused a significant increase in maximum plasma concentrations (Cmax) and the area under the plasma concentration–time curves (AUC0–t, and AUC0–¥) of sorafenib by 108.3 (p = 0.003), 55.9 (p = 0.0115), and 62.7% (p = 0.0115), respectively. Also, the Cmax and AUC0–t of its active metabolite—sorafenib N-oxide—was significantly increased in the presence of morphine (p = 0.0022 and p = 0.0268, respectively). Sorafenib, in turn, caused a significant increase in the Cmax of morphine (by 0.5-fold, p = 0.0018). Moreover, in the presence of sorafenib the Cmax, AUC0–t, and AUC0–¥ of the morphine metabolite M3G increased by 112.62 (p < 0.0001), 46.82 (p = 0.0124), and 46.78% (p = 0.0121), respectively. Observed changes in sorafenib and morphine may be of clinical significance. The increased exposure to both drugs may improve the response to therapy in cancer patients, but on the other hand, increase the risk of adverse effects.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions:Mass Spectrometry Laboratory
ID Code:2125
Deposited By: Radoslaw Jazwiec
Deposited On:03 Jan 2022 11:23
Last Modified:03 Jan 2022 11:23

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