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Spatial structure of the soil seed bank of Poa annua L.— alien species in the Antarctica

Wódkiewicz, Maciej and Ziemiański, Maciej and Kwiecień, Kamil and Chwedorzewska, Katarzyna J. and Galera, Halina (2014) Spatial structure of the soil seed bank of Poa annua L.— alien species in the Antarctica. Biodiversity and Conservation, 23 . pp. 1339-1346. ISSN ISSN 0960-3115

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Abstract Poa annua L. (annual bluegrass) is the only non–native flowering plant species that has successfully established a breeding population in the maritime Antarctic and has been shown to maintain a soil seed bank. The characteristic of the spatial structure of the Antarctic population of this species is the formation of distinct dense clumps—tussocks. In the temperate zone the species is only loosely tufted. We focused on the characteristics of seed deposition associated with the tussocks and some aspects of the spatial heterogeneity of the soil seed bank of P. annua in the Antarctic. We wanted to assess the microspatial structure of the soil seed bank of annual bluegrass at Arctowski Station. Therefore we compared the number of seeds deposited underneath and in the vicinity of P. annua clumps. Our results indicate that P. annua in the Antarctic maintains a soil seed bank comparable to species typical for the polar tundra. The microspatial structure of P. annua soil seed bank in the Antarctic is highly associated with the presence of tussocks. Seeds are deposited underneath the tussock rather than in the vicinity of the clump. Our results also indicate that seeds are able to survive the Antarctic winter and readily germinate under optimal conditions.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions:Department of Antarctic Biology
ID Code:843
Deposited By: dr K.J. Chwedorzewska
Deposited On:18 Dec 2014 11:30
Last Modified:18 Dec 2014 11:33

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