IBB PAS Repository

R468A mutation in perfringolysin O destabilizes toxin structure and induces membrane fusion

Kulma, Magdalena and Kacprzyk-Stokowiec, Aleksandra and Kwiatkowska, Katarzyna and Traczyk, Gabriela and Sobota, Andrzej and Dadlez, Michal (2017) R468A mutation in perfringolysin O destabilizes toxin structure and induces membrane fusion. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, 1859 (6). pp. 1075-1088. ISSN ISSN: 0005-2736

[img] Microsoft Word

Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...


Perfringolysin O (PFO) belongs to the family of cholesterol-dependent cytolysins. Upon binding to a cholesterol-containing membrane, PFO undergoes a series of structural changes that result in the formation of a β-barrel pore and cell lysis. Recognition and binding to cholesterol are mediated by the D4 domain, one of four domains of PFO. The D4 domain contains a conserved tryptophan-rich loop named undecapeptide (E458CTGLAWEWWR468) in which arginine 468 is essential for retaining allosteric coupling between D4 and other domains during interaction of PFO with the membrane. In this report we studied the impact of R468A mutation on the whole protein structure using hydrogen-deuterium exchange coupled with mass spectrometry. We found that in aqueous solution, compared to wild type (PFO), PFOR468A showed increased deuterium uptake due to exposure of internal toxin regions to the solvent. This change reflected an overall structural destabilization of PFOR468A in solution. Conversely, upon binding to cholesterol-containing membranes, PFOR468A revealed a profound decrease of hydrogen-deuterium exchange when compared to PFO. This block of deuterium uptake resulted from PFOR468A-induced aggregation and fusion of liposomes, as found by dynamic light scattering, microscopic observations and FRET measurements. In the result of liposome aggregation and fusion, the entire PFOR468A molecule became shielded from aqueous solution and thereby was protected against proteolytic digestion and deuteration. We have established that structural changes induced by the R468A mutation lead to exposure of an additional cholesterol-independent liposome-binding site in PFO that confers its fusogenic property, altering the mode of the toxin action.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:Mass Spectrometry Laboratory
ID Code:1331
Deposited By: Magdalena Kulma
Deposited On:05 May 2017 08:34
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 15:34

Repository Staff Only: item control page