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Hypertension in rats is associated with an increased permeability of the colon to TMA, a gut bacteria metabolite

Chamaillard, Mathias and Jaworska, Kinga and Huc, Tomasz and Samborowska, Emilia and Dobrowolski, Leszek and Bielinska, Klaudia and Gawlak, Maciej and Ufnal, Marcin (2017) Hypertension in rats is associated with an increased permeability of the colon to TMA, a gut bacteria metabolite. PLOS ONE, 12 (12). e0189310. ISSN 1932-6203


Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189310


An increased blood trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) has emerged as a marker of cardiovascular mortality, however, the mechanisms of the increase are not clear. We evaluated if hypertension was associated with changes in the colon permeability to trimethylamine (TMA), a TMAO precursor. We did experiments on male, 24-26-week-old normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY), spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and SHR treated with enalapril, an antihypertensive drug (SHR-E). To check the colon permeability and liver TMA clearance, blood was collected from the portal vein and hepatic veins confluence, at baseline and after the intracolonic administration of TMA. Arterial blood pressure (BP) and intestinal blood flow (IBF) recordings and histological assessment of the colon were performed. SHR showed an increased gut-blood barrier permeability to TMA. Namely, at baseline SHR had a higher BP and portal blood TMA, but a lower IBF than WKY. After the intracolonic administration of TMA, SHR had a significantly higher portal blood TMA and higher TMA liver clearance than WKY. In SHR the arteriolar walls of the colon mucosa were significantly thicker than in WKY. Furthermore, SHR showed a significant decrease in the height of the mucosa. In contrast, SHR-E had lower portal blood TMA, lower BP and smaller thickness of arteriolar walls, but higher IBF than SHR, which indicates improved function of the gut-blood barrier in SHR-E. All groups had similar immunostaining of occludin and zonula occludens-1, markers of tight junctions. In conclusion, hypertensive rats show an increased permeability of the colon to TMA, which is accompanied by morphological and hemodynamic alterations in the colon. Therefore, cardiovascular diseases may be characterized by an increased permeability of the gut-blood barrier to bacterial metabolites such as TMA.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions:Mass Spectrometry Laboratory
ID Code:1454
Deposited By: Emilia Samborowska
Deposited On:15 Dec 2017 09:12
Last Modified:15 Dec 2017 09:12

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