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Cerebrovascular reactivity and cerebral perfusion of rats with acute liver failure: role of L-glutamine and asymmetric dimethylarginine in L-arginine-induced response

Czarnecka, Anna and Aleksandrowicz, Marta and Jasiński, Krzysztof and Jazwiec, Radoslaw and Kalita, Katarzyna and Hilgier, Wojciech and Zielińska, Magdalena (2018) Cerebrovascular reactivity and cerebral perfusion of rats with acute liver failure: role of L-glutamine and asymmetric dimethylarginine in L-arginine-induced response. Journal of Neurochemistry, 147 (5). pp. 692-704. ISSN 00223042

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1111/jnc.14578

Abstract

Cerebral blood flow (CBF) is impaired in acute liver failure (ALF), however, the complexity of the underlying mechanisms has often led to inconclusive interpretations. Regulation of CBF depends at least partially on variations in the local brain L‐arginine concentration and/or its metabolic rate. In ALF, other factors, like an increased concentration of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor and elevated level of L‐glutamine, may contribute to CBF alteration. This study demonstrated strong differences in the reactivity of the middle cerebral arteries and their response to extravascular L‐arginine application between vessels isolated from rats with thioacetamide (TAA)‐induced ALF and control animals. Our results also showed the decrease in the cerebral perfusion in TAA rats measured by arterial spin labeling perfusion magnetic resonance. Subsequently, we aimed to investigate the importance of balance between the concentration of ADMA and L‐arginine in the CBF regulation. In vivo, intraperitoneal L‐arginine administration in TAA rats corrected: (i) decrease in cerebral perfusion, (ii) decrease in brain extracellular L‐arginine/ADMA ratio and (iii) increase in brain L‐glutamine concentration. Our study implicates that impaired vascular tone of cerebral arteries is most likely associated with exposure to high ADMA and L‐glutamine levels resulting in limited availability of L‐arginine and might be responsible for reduced cerebral perfusion observed in ALF

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions:Mass Spectrometry Laboratory
ID Code:1691
Deposited By: Radoslaw Jazwiec
Deposited On:28 Feb 2019 10:51
Last Modified:07 Nov 2019 23:05

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